Wine Aroma is one of the most difficult attributes of the wine to put into words. How come you taste chalk, wet stone? My advice will always be start with descriptors that are common for you, write them all and repeat. Practice makes the master in wine tasting as all things in life. But remember, mastery requires discipline and hard work. I admire the sommeliers that have to taste a lot of wine to earn their diplomas. However, you do not have to be a sommelier to train your nose to discover new aromas.
Personal sensitivity to aromas
First, keep in mind that the aromas that you appreciate in wine might not be the same as the others perceive. Second, we are all different and moreover we all have different types of perception and practice in discovering wine aromas. Moreover, as experts say “each taster has a unique personal sensitivity to aromas” . Third, even though you memorize the typical aromas of each grape the sensitivity that you have to appreciate aromas in wine might differ slightly from the aromas perceived by others.
Each grape has different flavors that generally speaking you should appreciate once you train your nose to distinguish them. However, there are many factors that can change or alter the aromsa on wine such as the terroir, the wine making, the fermentation, the weather. Darriet, P. on the Journal of Wine states that the diversity of volatile components constituting wine aroma, including compounds originating from grapes, the metabolism of wine microorganisms during alcoholic and malolactic fermentations, implicating Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Oenococcus oeni, respectively, and oak barrels during wine aging [Darriet, P., & Pons, A. (2017). Wine.]
Practice and be patient with the process
Discovering wine aromas is simple yet can be intimidating. If you remember when we use the 5 S words system to appreciate wine, one of the S stands for Smell. Simply smell the wine. Write down the aromas that you perceived in your phone, in an app, or in a notebook. If you do not have a tool right there with you to write about the aromas simply try to discover them in your mind. Particularly, for me it helps me to say the wine aromas out loud. Keep practicing and be patient with your own process.
In fine wines, aroma may be associated with associations of complexity, finesse, and elegance. Wine aroma can be associated with a level of uniqueness that makes them a source of a great pleasure. Discovering the various wine aromas it is complex but a fun an enjoyable experience.
Wine aromas scientific source:
I went deep on this investigation and I want to share with you the source of the Wine Journal by Darriet, P., & Pons, A. (2017). Wine. In Buettner, & Andrea (Eds.), Springer handbook of odor (pp. 25-26). Cham: Springer International Publishing. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26932-0_8